Consent in the Curriculum in Other Countries

Consent in the Curriculum is only required in very few countries, however for the countries that teach it, they see a massive change in the opinions of school children when it comes to ideas about rape/sexual assault. Countries that require consent to be taught, by law, as part of the National Curriculum are:



“The idea that sexual activity should be a personal choice and always consensual, healthy, safe and respectful.”



“Individuals would learn how to negotiate and set sexual limits, including choosing not to take part in particular sexual activities; how to articulate their concerns and to negotiate and consistently use safer sex practices; how to avoid, or safely leave a situation in which personal and sexual health is placed at risk; and how to work toward nurturing, affectionate and respectful relationships.” p16



“how to say “no”…The most important thing is to have control over their lives.” p25



Developing the ability to deal with conflicts, particularly for preventing sexual exploitation, sexual abuse, and violence.”



“Ability to make independent decisions.” p8


Important Organisational Input:

Below you will find some information about important, large-scale organisations that believe that consent should be a non-compulsory part of all school curriculums.

WHO Regional Office for Europe & BZgA

(Federal Centre for Health Education, based in Germany), advises that schools should emphasise the importance of “consensual sexual relations.” p18


“The ability to refuse unwanted, unintended or unprotected sexual intercourse” should be taught. p21



The United States of America is a difficult country when it comes to consent, as laws and practices vary from state to state. However, we can determine some information.

Only “22 states and the District of Columbia require public schools teach sex education,” which is less than half of the states in the USA. Unfortunately many of these states teach abstinence-only sex education, so are limited. With varying laws and ideas, it is likely that consent is not taught in many places in the US.

However, the US provide some of the best web pages when it comes to advice/information to do with consent:

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